On the types, complications and treatment of pancreatic cysts

The pancreatic cyst is a cavity in the parenchyma of the internal organ, which is bounded by walls of connective tissue. The cavity is filled with liquid exudate, the etiology of occurrence is due to trauma or inflammatory processes in the pancreas.

Clinical manifestations are significantly different in different pictures. They depend on the size of the formation, location, pathogenesis of formation. Symptoms can range from a sense of mild discomfort to the strongest pain syndrome.

To assess the size and localization of the cyst, to see the connection with the ducts, to choose the tactics of therapy, an ultrasound examination, computed tomography, MRI of the internal organ, and other methods are carried out, allowing you to recreate the whole picture.

In most cases, surgical intervention or external drainage is required, and resection of a part of an organ together with a pathological neoplasm is somewhat less common.

Pancreatic Cyst Classification

Pancreatitis according to the ICD code is acute, chronic, subacute and other types. Surgical practice identifies two types of tumors. In the first case, the structure of the cavity is taken into account.

A cyst is true if an epithelial lining is present. This pathology refers to congenital malformations, in medicine, isolated cases are described, as it is extremely rare in patients.

False cyst is a neoplasm that develops as a result of an illness. It is not characterized by the appearance of glandular epithelium on the walls; therefore, it is designated as false.

The second classification takes into account the localization of cysts in the pancreas:

  • Cyst of the head of the pancreas (in particular, the location - omental bag). According to statistics, this arrangement is observed in 15-16% of clinical pictures. The peculiarity is that there is a compression of the duodenum.
  • On the body of the body - diagnosed in 46-48% of cases. It appears to be the most frequent localization option, against the background of which a displacement of the colon and the stomach itself is detected.
  • On the tail - found in 38-39% of situations. The peculiarity is that due to this neoplasm, nearby organs are rarely damaged.

True cysts are a rarity, and the clinical manifestations and the principles of therapy for both types are practically the same, therefore, in the future, we will only consider false cysts.

Causes of cysts and symptoms

Pancreatic cysts occur in patients regardless of age group, gender, can be of various sizes, there are single and multiple. In some patients, especially because of the congenital cavity, systemic polycystic ovary, brain, liver can be diagnosed.

False cysts never form in a healthy organ. The neoplasm is always the result of a degenerative process in the body. The most common causes include acute pancreatitis, organ injury.

The reason may be a short overlap of the excretory duct (for example, clamped with a blood vessel or stone) or a severe disorder of its motility. Quite often cysts form in such parasitic diseases as cysticercosis, echinococcosis. Pathogenesis is also caused by tumor neoplasms. In chronic pancreatitis, postnecrotic cysts are formed in half of the cases.

The community of surgeons identifies the main precipitating factors leading to the development of cystic formation. The negative impact of factors proved by numerous studies. These include:

  1. Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
  2. Obesity, which is accompanied by lipid metabolism.
  3. History of surgery on any organ of the digestive system.
  4. Diabetes mellitus (most often of the 2nd type).

The presence of one of the listed conditions in a patient with the presence of symptoms of a lesion of the pancreas makes it possible to suspect the formation of a cyst.

The onset of the pathological process has certain clinical manifestations, which are observed in 90% of patients. Initially manifested such a clinic:

  • Severe pain syndrome shingles. It increases after eating or alcohol consumption. Anesthetic tablet does not solve the problem, there is no therapeutic effect.
  • Repeated vomiting that does not bring relief to the patient.
  • Symptoms of intestinal disorders - diarrhea, bloating, increased gas formation.

Clinical manifestations completely disappear or subside at 4-5 weeks of illness. In medicine, this interval is called the "bright gap". After again characteristic signs come to light, but more intense and persistent.

Often, patients complain of subfebrile body temperature, lethargy, severe heaviness in the left hypochondrium. Sometimes (about 5% of the pictures) there is a yellowness of the skin, mucous membranes, sclera of the organs of vision.

Symptoms of pancreatic cysts include insufficient production of hormones like insulin, somatostatin, glucagon. Their deficiency leads to dryness in the oral cavity, an increase in the proportion of urine per day, in severe cases, loss of consciousness due to hypoglycemic or hyperglycemic coma is detected.

Diagnostic measures

If a cavity filled with fluid is suspected, consultation of a gastroenterologist is mandatory. During physical examination of the abdomen, its protrusion is observed at the site of the pathological element.

Laboratory tests, as a rule, do not show a specific change. There is a slight increase in leukocytes, increased ESR. Sometimes there is an increase in bilirubin concentration.

  1. Ultrasound gives an estimate of the size of the tumor, shows indirect signs of existing complications. For example, if suppuration is present, then uneven echogenicity is detected.
  2. CT and MRI provide more detailed data on the localization of cystic formation, its size, the absence or presence of communication with the tributaries.

For the diagnosis, ERCP is performed - the method helps to obtain detailed data on the connection of the cyst and pancreatic ducts, which further determines the treatment regimen. However, with such a survey there is a significant likelihood of infection.

Therefore, ERCP is carried out exclusively in cases where it is necessary to decide on the method of surgical intervention, while conservative therapy is not even considered a treatment option.

Drug therapy

What is dangerous cyst in the pancreas? The danger lies in the fact that long-existing education leads to compression of neighboring internal organs, which provokes various complications. Consequences may be the following: rupture, fistula formation, suppuration or abscess, bleeding due to a rupture of a blood vessel.

In accordance with the latest presentations of scientific communities, it can be said that conservative treatment with pills is carried out under certain conditions. If there is a clear limitation of the pathological element, the size of the cystic formation is no more than 2 centimeters in diameter.

Treat with drugs if the tumor is single. There are no clinical manifestations of obstructive jaundice, moderate pain syndrome.

In the first days of prescribed hunger. In the future, exclude fatty, fried and salty foods, because such food provokes an increased production of digestive enzymes, which contributes to the active destruction of tissues. Exclude cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. The patient requires bed rest for 7-10 days.

During therapy prescribed drugs:

  • Tetracycline or cephalosporin antibiotics. They are focused on preventing the penetration of microbes into the cavity of education, which will lead to purulent processes.
  • To reduce pain and reduce secretion, inhibitors are used - Omez, Omeprazole and other drugs.
  • Enzyme treatment is required to normalize the digestion of carbohydrates and fats - they recommend drugs containing lipase and amylase. Presented by the group - Pancreatin, Creon.

If the cyst is a consequence of biliary pancreatitis, choleretic drugs may additionally be prescribed. In some cases, after the source is removed, the cyst formation can self-dissolve. However, this rarely happens. Many patients use folk remedies in the form of burdock broth, mummy, celandine tinctures, etc. The reviews for such methods are positive, but they are not supported by evidence, so it is better not to risk and rely on doctors.

When conservative therapy did not give the desired result for 4 weeks, the further recommendation of the doctors is surgery.

Surgery

According to statistics, conservative treatment in only 10% allows you to avoid surgery. In other cases, therapy is carried out in the surgical department. There are more than seven variations of the operative path that allow removal of the cyst.

Doctors try to do with minimally invasive techniques to cure the disease. Against the background of such manipulations, the patient's skin is practically not damaged. A smaller number of complications are characterized by techniques that are carried out through the skin under the control of an ultrasound.

The maximum degree of effectiveness is noted in the presence of a volumetric pathological process in the head or on the body. The principle of procedures is quite simple. After anesthesia of an adult or child, a puncture needle or aspirator is inserted through a puncture in the epigastric region. Depending on the size of the cyst, the operation can go two ways:

  1. Using percutaneous puncture drainage of the tumor. After all the fluid is withdrawn from the cyst, a thin rubber tube is installed to create a permanent outflow. It remains in the body until fluid flows out. Such surgical manipulation is not carried out if the cystic element closes the ducts of the gland or is large.
  2. Through percutaneous hardening of the cyst. The technique involves the introduction of a chemical fluid into the cavity after it is emptied. As a result, the cavity is cleaned, the defect overlaps.

If the procedures described above cannot be performed, laparoscopy is performed. This operation is carried out through two incisions, each of which varies from 1 to 2 cm. Through them, tools are inserted into the abdominal cavity. On the one hand, the procedures of such a plan are characterized by a low invasiveness, but on the other hand, statistics indicate that various complications often occur.

The doctor can do the following:

  • Excision and occlusion of education. It is permissible to apply if the cyst is located superficially.
  • Laparoscopy, which involves resection of a segment of the pancreas. The main recommendation for carrying out is a large defect inside the tissues.
  • Frey’s intervention involves resection of the head and the creation of a pancreatojejunal anastomosis. It is advisable to conduct against the background of an extensive expansion of the organ duct.

Prediction is due to the etiology of the disease, the timeliness of diagnosis and the course of surgical intervention. This disease has a high frequency of negative consequences - from 10 to 50% of all paintings. Often there is suppuration, perforation, fistulas form, bleeding inside the abdominal cavity. Even after pancreas surgery, there is a certain risk of recurrence in the future.

About the methods of treatment of pancreatic cyst described in the video in this article.

Congenital

A congenital true cyst always has epithelial tissue that lines its entire interior.

The remaining pancreatic formations do not have such a lining.

It is also characterized by its small size and is often found during operations on the digestive organ. This formation is 5 times less common than tumors and degenerative cysts.

Pseudocyst

False cyst is the most common type of gland lesion (80% of all detected cases). It is similar to cystadenoma (benign pancreatic tumor) and is difficult to treat, therefore it often reborn into a mucinous cancerous formation. A postnecrotic cyst lined with granulation tissue contains dead tissue particles inside it, a serous fluid, and can be surgically removed.

Location and size

True neoplasms are from 2-3 to 27 mm.

As for the pseudocysts of the pancreas, they are much larger (among them there are giant, 15 cm, tumors). The amount of liquid with which they are filled can reach up to 2 liters.

These formations can be located anywhere in the gland and displace other organs of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), putting pressure on them.

For example, if the pathology is localized next to the omental bag (slit in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach), then it pushes the stomach down and the liver upward. If the formation of the pancreas spreads to the lower part of the abdominal cavity, the small intestine moves back even lower, and the transverse colon rises higher.

What is dangerous cyst in the pancreas?

Pushing aside the digestive tract organs, the cyst disrupts their functioning, leads to a malfunction and eventually provokes diseases in them. A tumor on the pancreas can become malignant and cause the death of the patient, since the metastases from it to the surrounding tissues spread quickly.

Pseudocytes that appear during chronic pancreatitis can provoke fistulas and burst. If their contents are poured into the abdominal cavity, necrosis and abscess of tissues can occur and suppuration of the pancreas will begin. There is a great danger of peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum) and poisoning of the body.

Diagnostics

Having felt the first signs of illness, a person should immediately consult a doctor for diagnosis. The gastroenterologist, having heard about the symptoms of pancreatic disease, will conduct a visual examination of the abdomen with palpation. It happens that in the place of localization of education the abdomen is slightly bulged and the contrast between it and the rest of the abdominal cavity is pronounced. On palpation, the pain becomes stronger.

In the diagnosis of tumors of the gland blood and urine tests will help a little. Sometimes the levels of leukocytes and bilirubin can be increased, an increase in ESR is detected.

The reliable methods of diagnosing pancreatic cyst in this case are: endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), computed tomography (CT), ultrasound and MRI.

Ultrasound can detect a limited accumulation of fluid and determine the size of the cyst. If the formation began to fester, the echo signal on the background of its cavity will be uneven. And if there is a limited structure (tumor) in the lumen of this cavity, it may be cancer.

With CT, you can accurately identify the localization of education, but it is impossible to determine its type. MRI helps to detect the connection of the cyst with the pancreatic duct.

ERCP is considered the best method, with this study clearly showing the connection between the tumor and the organ ducts, which allows surgeons to decide on treatment tactics. But with this method of diagnosis, you can bring the infection inside the body, so it is used only to decide on the method of surgical intervention.

Doctors treat the disease surgically. The type of operation depends on changes in pancreatic organ tissue, cyst size, and its localization. In medical practice, external or internal drainage is used. The latter received good recommendations, since the risk of relapse after it is low, and the pain in the abdomen passes.In severe cases of pathology, resection (removal) of the neoplasm is performed along with the segment of the pancreas, which is its localization.

An important condition for the treatment of a cyst of the digestive organ is the correct diet and diet. Doctors prescribe their patients pancreatic diet number 5. From the daily menu should be excluded dishes fatty, smoked and spicy. Food should not be cooked in meat broth, but in water. The best ways of cooking are: boiling, baking, steaming. Good cooking in a slow cooker. Patients with a pancreatic cyst need to eat often, food is well ground. Cold and hot dishes should be replaced by warm ones (up to 37 ° С).

The meat products allowed in this diet are boiled lean fish, skinless poultry, veal, which are finely chopped, kneaded or rubbed before eating. The first dishes are lean borscht and cabbage soup, mashed pumpkin soups, potatoes, carrots with sour cream, pearl-barley and dairy soups with pasta. From the cereals you can eat brown rice, oatmeal and buckwheat porridge.

The menu of people with a pancreatic tumor includes rye bread and bran, boiled or baked egg white, unleavened cheese and low-fat cottage cheese are allowed.

From confectionery and sweet products you can eat fresh cookies, gingerbread without chocolate, marmalade. Drink should be compotes of dried fruit, jelly, juices, diluted with water, tea with lemon or milk. From fruit you can eat bananas, sweet apples, watermelon and melon in small quantities.

Complications

Dangerous complications of a pancreatic organ tumor are ruptures, large lesions and polycystic, as well as a ductal cyst.

When a tumor ruptures, its contents may spill either into the digestive organ or into the abdominal cavity, which will lead either to ascites (dropsy) or to peritonitis. If you go to a doctor late, a person may die.

Ductal cyst

A tumor can connect to the duct of the pancreas, if it is formed inside the organ. In this case, it is called papillary-mucinous. Rare neoplasm can develop over the years.

It happens that when making a diagnosis the doctors are mistaken and believe that the patient has pancreatitis.

This pancreatic disease degenerates into a malignant and is not always treatable, since the intraductal cyst is often found in older people.

Large cystic formations

A feature of large tumors is their ability to contain up to 2 liters of secretion (juice). Stretching and squeezing the surrounding organs, these cysts can sweat (seep through) through them. Some tumors of the pancreas reach the scrotum and mediastinum (the area in which the lungs and heart are located). Thus, they can provoke diseases of these organs and the patient will have to be treated for several pathologies.

Prevention

It is possible to prevent the appearance of pathology, observing a healthy lifestyle, forgetting about alcohol, eating right.

It is necessary to carefully treat your body, if discomfort appears in it, contact the clinic and be examined by the pancreas and other organs.

Can pancreatic cyst resolve?

The tumors that have not been formed until the end (less than 3 cm) can disappear in time and disappear if conservative treatment with drugs or traditional medicine is applied to them. The inflammation stops and passes. Large cysts do not resolve themselves, they are surgically removed.

Life forecast

If a pancreatic cyst is found at an early stage of its formation and it is small in size, the disease can be cured and the risk of recurrence can be eliminated. With older formations of large sizes, the life prognosis is less favorable. In 30-50%, complications may occur that are not always treatable. Therefore, human health depends on him.

The mechanism of the appearance of cysts in the body

The pancreas is a complex organ with the alveolar structure of the parenchyma. All its microcavities are interconnected by ducts. Pancreatic juice is transported along them - pancreatic secretion containing enzymes. If the outflow from one or more alveoli is disrupted, a stagnant process occurs. Due to the splitting action of enzymes, it flows into inflammation. On its background, blood circulation is disturbed, which contributes to the spread of pathological changes throughout the structure of the organ.

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To stop the process, protective mechanisms are triggered, and the area of ​​inflammation overgrows with connective tissue or fibrous fibers (encapsulated). This pathology does not end there. During the fouling of a dense capsule, blood vessels may be affected. Then blood enters the pathological cavity, exudate.

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The pressure in the capsule increases, it grows in size, presses on adjacent tissues, leads to the appearance of new inflammations and fibrous cords. Inside it can begin purulent-necrotic process.

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This is how cysts form. Due to the specific structure of the pancreas, even modern physicians cannot give this term a precise definition. Therefore, the name combines tumors in any shape, type of content, size and nature.

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Causes of formation

The cyst can be formed in the period of intrauterine development. Anomaly is caused by genetic predisposition and malfunctions during the laying of the internal organs of the fetus. The incidence of congenital cysts does not exceed 1.5% among the detected tumors in the pancreas.

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More often, acute or chronic inflammation of the gland (pancreatitis) leads to the appearance of pathological capsules. According to statistics, a cyst is diagnosed in 54% of people with such a diagnosis after a while. Pathologies are caused by common factors:

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  • addicted to fatty foods
  • binge eating,
  • drinking strong alcohol
  • smoking,
  • gallstones,
  • abdominal injuries with bruised gland.

Cysts are formed in violation of the patency of the pancreatic tract, the accumulation of juice in them. This happens with long fasting and poor nutrition. The risk of neoplasm increases any surgical intervention on the gastrointestinal tract. Blocks provoke calcifications in the pancreas.

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Concretions occur on the background of metabolic disturbances, sometimes pathology activates helminthic invasions.

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The risk of cyst formation increases diabetes, obesity, gallstone disease.

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Types of formations

Doctors divide tumors in the pancreas into true and false. The first include congenital cysts, their main difference - in the structure of the capsule. It is formed by epithelial tissue. During life, such neoplasms do not increase in size and rarely cause discomfort, may disappear without any treatment.

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False cysts consist of contents and a fibrous capsule, are formed in response to inflammatory changes, can increase at different speeds, necrotize, turn into abscesses, malignise (become malignant).

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According to the location of isolated cysts:

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  • pancreas heads - most often cause vivid symptoms, can provoke intestinal obstruction, bile stasis,
  • body - able to squeeze the colon and stomach, are more common than others,
  • tail - rarely cause discomfort, because even with large sizes do not touch the adjacent organs.

By nature, cysts are differentiated into:

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  • neoplastic - prone to rebirth or malignant tumors,
  • traumatic - occur after mechanical injuries,
  • parasitic - provoked by worms or protozoa,
  • inflammatory - appeared on the background of pancreatitis.

Acute is called a cyst at the very beginning of its appearance. The walls of the capsule in this case are not formed, the space is limited by the main tissue of the pancreas. After the appearance of the walls, the formation is called subacute or chronic. When the cavity is filled with pus or necrotic masses, the cyst is called an abscess.

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Neoplasms can be single (clearly delimited and localized only in one part of the organ), multiple (detected in 2 parts of the gland) or diffuse (small cysts throughout the parenchyma).

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An important characteristic is the size of the cyst. Up to 5 cm in diameter, it is considered non-hazardous. Large formations can disrupt blood circulation, impair nerves and organs.

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What does a cyst lead to?

All cysts of the pancreas in varying degrees entail organ dysfunction. Small formations may increase. At the same time, they begin to squeeze the blood vessels, ducts of the gland, provoke stagnation, all of which soon flow into inflammation. Disrupted the output of the digestive juice, dyspeptic disorders appear.

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More and more cells of the body are involved in the process. Healthy ones are replaced by fibrous tissue and the body loses its elasticity. Juice outflow can stop completely. Metabolism (protein, fat, carbohydrate) is disturbed, dysfunctions of other internal organs appear.

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During the formation of fibrous strands, blood vessels can be injured, which is fraught with internal bleeding. The immune response to long-term and extensive inflammation is unpredictable: the cells involved in the pathology can become atypical, and the cyst turns into cancer.

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The growth of the number of dead cells, purulent masses, exudate and bloody inclusions inside the capsule may result in its rupture. This is fraught with the spread of infection to the entire organ, extensive pancreatic necrosis, peritonitis, blood poisoning, or death.

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An enlarging cyst affects nearby organs and nerve endings. It causes discomfort, digestive disorders. A pancreatic cyst can significantly reduce the quality of life of the patient and end in failure.

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What are the symptoms of a cyst

Until a significant increase in the diameter of the tumor does not produce itself. The patient may occasionally experience discomfort in the left hypochondrium, writing it off for neuralgia or muscle pain. Problems arise when the tumor becomes larger - the growth of cysts triggers the next (or first) exacerbation of pancreatitis.

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The patient experiences sharp pains in the left hypochondrium or in the region of the stomach, most often after eating. The intensity depends on the size of the tumor. If the nerves of the solar plexus are affected, there are sharp burning pains right under the sternum, shooting in the back. If the cyst presses on the urinary organs, the patient feels nagging pain in the lower back and lower abdomen.

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A characteristic feature - painful attacks are not stopped by analgesic agents or antispasmodics. Medications only temporarily reduce discomfort, but do not eliminate them completely. If the cyst does not provoke tissue necrosis, the pain subsides after a few days. Relief can last up to a month, after which the attacks resume.

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Due to impaired pancreatic drainage, the work of the entire digestive tract suffers. The patient is worried about the heaviness in the stomach after eating (even with small portions), nausea occurs. With irreversible lesions of the gland develops indomitable vomiting, which does not bring relief (the result of intoxication of the body).

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The intestinal function changes. Due to the lack of enzymes, the process of food digestion is disturbed, flatulence occurs, and the patient has severe diarrhea. In the feces there are impurities of undigested food and fat impregnations (steatorrhea).

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Other signs

Against the background of nausea and weakness, the patient loses his appetite, and a violation of the breakdown of food leads to nutritional deficiencies and weight loss. Due to inflammation and intoxication, the temperature rises. The indicators rarely exceed subfebrile values, however, with complications, fever and severe hyperthermia are observed.

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Large cysts cause compression of the internal organs. Additional symptoms depend on the strength and localization of pressure:

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  • if the kidneys are crushed, urine flow is disturbed,
  • with pressure on the intestines there may be stool retention and obstruction symptoms (pain, cramps, abdominal asymmetry),
  • effects on the liver provoke stagnation of bile and the appearance of jaundice.

When probing the area of ​​the projection of the pancreas on the anterior abdominal wall can be identified tuberosity or protrusion of individual sections of the gland.

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Treatment of the disease

The tactics of therapy depends on the characteristics of the cyst. Benign neoplasms, less than 50 mm in diameter, not provoking digestive disorders, are monitored by ultrasound. All large tumors must be removed. Small cysts with fuzzy boundaries are for further study (biopsy, endoscopy) and urgent removal upon confirmation of a malignant nature.

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Conservative therapy

The newly emerged pseudocysts can be eliminated in a conservative manner, if the inflammatory process is quickly stopped and the normal pancreas function is resumed. Neoplasms can dissolve up to 2 cm in diameter. To do this, appoint:

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  • 7-10 days of bed rest
  • 2-3 days of fasting
  • strict diet
  • secretion regulators (Omez, Pantoprazole),
  • antispasmodics (No-Spa, Buscopan, Spasmomenon),
  • antibiotics (to prevent the spread of infection),
  • enzyme replacement therapy (Creon, Mezim, Pangrol, to reduce the functional load on the organ).

If the cyst does not disappear within a month, the medications cancel and control the neoplasm in case of intensive growth. If necessary, plan an operation.

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It is interesting! Treatment Innovations

The International Scientific and Practical Conference "Modern Medicine: Topical Issues", held in Russia, Novosibirsk, on July 6, 2016, published the results of an improved surgical method for treating large pancreatic cysts. The method of double internal with external drainage was applied to 11 patients out of 59, with a cyst diameter of more than 10 cm.

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In case of laparotomic (open) access through the stomach or the left hypochondrium zone (if the “tail” of the gland is affected), cyst puncture was performed. Taken biomaterial immediately sent for biochemical and histological analysis. If the nature of the formation was benign, the cyst wall was opened, necrotic masses and other dense formations were removed. Then an anastomosis was performed through the stomach and a small silicone tube was sewn in with the help of catgut, the other end of which was taken out.

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With the help of drainage, the possibility of washing the cyst cavity with strong antiseptics was achieved, the anastomosis functionality was controlled by means of a radiopaque study. Sanitation of a cyst in the postoperative period led to the acceleration of its obliteration (overgrowing). After control of the anastomosis and in the absence of discharge from the drainage tube was removed.

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The method contributes to the formation of a wealthy anastomosis and prevents the formation of residual cavities in the pancreas. The success of such treatment is confirmed by the reduction of the period of stay of patients in the hospital (up to 10 days). In all patients operated on in this way, there were no complications after the operation and no recurrence of the cyst was registered.

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Traditional methods of therapy

To avoid surgery, some healers and herbalists recommend herbal treatments.The method can be useful for "fresh" cysts of small size. It is better to use folk recipes after consultation with the doctor and in parallel with drug therapy.

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The effectiveness of herbs against pancreatic cyst has no scientific evidence. The use of non-conventional therapy alone can lead to an increase in cysts in size, acceleration of its maturation and rupture, which is fraught with fatal consequences.

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The action of plants is based on anti-inflammatory, secretory and analgesic effects. In the treatment of pancreatic cysts, it is recommended to use extracts from:

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  • chamomile
  • yarrow,
  • stonecrop
  • tansy
  • clowns,
  • devyasila
  • aloe,
  • immortelle
  • Hypericum,
  • plantain,
  • oregano
  • mint,
  • fennel

The most effective treatment is the collection of the listed herbs. Drawing a recipe is better to entrust an experienced herbalist. Below are the most popular options of plant mixtures against pancreatic cysts.

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Mix equal amounts of calendula, yarrow and celandine herbs. A teaspoon of vegetable mixture is poured with a glass of boiling water, leave to stand under a lid for 2 hours. After this, the extract is filtered, divided into 3 equal parts. Each of them drink 30 minutes before a meal. The course of treatment lasts a month, after a week break, repeat it or prepare the medicine according to the following prescription.

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Mix 2 tablespoons of dried calendula flowers and the same number of crushed plantain arrows, 1 tablespoon of tansy herb. A teaspoon of the collection brewed in a glass of boiling water for one and a half hours. After filtering, divide the hood into 3 parts, take half an hour before meals. Course of treatment month

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Some sources recommend alternating 2 collections among themselves. To get rid of cysts, it is necessary to undergo 3 cycles of therapy.

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They take lingonberry, strawberry, blueberry leaf, as well as bean leaves and crushed corn silk. A tablespoon of the mixture is brewed with a glass of boiling water in a thermos overnight. In the morning extract the filter, on an empty stomach drink half a glass. The course of treatment is 2 weeks, then you need to consult with your doctor and, if necessary, continue therapy.

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Mix St. John's wort, mint leaves, chamomile, plantain, yarrow and dried eggs. A teaspoon of the collection brewed for 2 hours in a glass of boiling water. After straining take 3 times a day for half an hour before meals. The infusion has pronounced antispasmodic properties and stops the growth of cysts.

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Life Forecast and Recommendations

Pancreatic cysts are not very favorable projections. Even with timely diagnosis, careful monitoring and removal of a tumor, there is a risk of complications and its transformation into cancer. About 55% of patients face ruptures of cysts and suppuration of tissues. Approximately one fourth of the operations end in relapses.

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Lifestyle

A patient with an identified cyst needs to give up bad habits, drinking alcohol, and smoking. The key to proper functioning of the gland will be a balanced diet and compliance with all medical prescriptions. Once in 3 months prophylactic ultrasound should be performed. Similar recommendations are relevant for those patients who have undergone surgery to remove a cyst.

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In the first days after surgery, the patient is not fed. Hunger and peace will provide accelerated recovery of pancreas tissue. After 2-3 days, grated grains, lean meats and neutral vegetables are introduced into the ration after temperature treatment in the form of mashed potatoes. The doctor gives further instructions regarding the diet individually.

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Diet during a cyst and after discharge from the hospital is organized according to the following rules:

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  • complete rejection of fat, smoked, fried, salted, pickled,
  • restriction of sweets
  • the use of non-fibrous vegetables and fruits only after heat treatment,
  • soft texture of all dishes for easy assimilation,
  • rejection of pancreatic juice secretion stimulants (legumes, sorrel, spices, rich broths, mushrooms),
  • frequent meals in small portions.

With a favorable outcome of treatment, the patient gradually returns to normal diet. If there is a risk of recurrence or chronic pancreatitis is established, the diet is followed for life.

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Conclusion

A pancreatic cyst can appear in a person of any age and gender. At high risk, people with chronic and acute pancreatitis (for more information about pancreatitis symptoms and treatment methods, see the link here), lovers of fatty foods and strong drinks.

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New growth brings discomfort when it grows to impressive size. It can turn into cancer of the gland, threatens the spread of infection throughout the body. In most cases, surgical treatment is necessary. The earlier the pathology is revealed, the more chances to eliminate it with minimally invasive operations.

Watch the video: The Best of Pancreatic Cyst Conference: Introduction (February 2020).