Low blood sugar in a child: the causes of hypoglycemia

Do not worry that the newborn is at risk due to low blood sugar. A lot of medical professionals will be on hand to make sure that the child’s health is safe. After he is born, your midwife and other staff will make sure that he is good at digesting food. They will check the baby’s glucose level with blood tests. In some hospitals, these blood tests are usually done on babies who are at high risk of hypoglycemia.

Every cell in our body needs a supply of sugar or glucose to function normally. Adults get glucose from food. Newborns get the necessary sugar from their mother’s breast milk. After eating, the sugar level rises. When it is time for the next feeding, the sugar level begins to decline and there is a feeling of hunger. Sugar levels are regulated by hormones, in particular, insulin, which helps certain cells take glucose for storage. When everything works well, hormones keep blood sugar levels within the proper range. When the balance is disturbed, hypoglycemia can occur.

Most healthy children can easily cope with normal low blood sugar.

When breastfeeding, the baby will drink breast milk when they want to eat. However, some children are at risk, including those born to mothers who have diabetes. They can produce too much insulin, which makes them prone to low blood sugar.

Newborns are prone to hypoglycemia if they:

  • Born prematurely or weigh very little
  • had difficulty breathing at birth
  • suffered from excessive cold or hypothermia
  • they have an infection.

Hypoglycemia in newborns, as a rule, should pass by itself. If the disease does not go away, the child will need to be examined to find the root cause of the problem.

Blood Sugar Rate

To determine the level of sugar or monitor the course of treatment, it is necessary to perform an appropriate blood test using a glucometer or a routine laboratory method. Blood can be taken from a ring finger or vein. In the first case, the blood is called capillary, because it is taken from small vessels - capillaries, and in the second case - venous. It must be given on an empty stomach.

Blood sugar standards are approved by the World Health Organization and depend on which blood was taken for analysis: capillary or venous. More informative in this matter has capillary blood.

Adults

  • capillary blood: 3.5-5.5 mmol / l (in another system - 60-100 mg / dl).
  • venous blood: 3.5-6.1 mmol / l.
  • post-meal blood draw will show higher sugar levels. The norm is the result of up to 6.6 mmol / l, not higher.

Important! The result may be affected by the following factors not related to the pathological conditions of the body:

  • chronic sleep deprivation,
  • stress,
  • exacerbation of chronic diseases
  • pregnancy,
  • smoking - both in general and immediately before blood collection,
  • internal diseases.

Pregnancy

Sugar control is necessary because it allows you to monitor the condition of a woman and a developing baby. During childbirth, the pregnant woman's tissue receptors are more sensitive to insulin, so the acceptable range of blood sugar levels is slightly higher: 3.8-5.8 mmol / l. If the value is greater than 6.1 mmol / l, the glucose tolerance test is required.

Sometimes in the sixth month of pregnancy, gestational diabetes develops, in which the tissue receptors of a pregnant woman become insensitive to insulin produced by their own pancreas. In some cases, gestational diabetes can disappear after childbirth, but sometimes it develops into a full-fledged disease, especially with obesity or hereditary predisposition. In this case, the woman should monitor blood sugar and be treated.

Menopause

At this time, serious hormonal changes occur in the human endocrine system, therefore the blood sugar standards may have elevated values.

Rates vary with age:

  • 2 days - 1 month - 2.8-4.4 mmol / l,
  • 1 month - 14 years - 3.3-5.5 mmol / l,
  • over 14 years old - 3.5-5.5 mmol / l.

Important! How to work with the meter

  1. Turn on the device (do not forget to keep spare batteries ready so that you can easily and quickly replace them if necessary).
  2. Wash hands with soap and wipe them off. Wipe your finger with alcohol, dry it and knead.
  3. Make a puncture on the side of the pads of a middle or ring finger with a needle, which is attached to the device or sold separately at the pharmacy.
  4. Remove the first drop of blood with cotton wool, and place the next drop on a test strip.
  5. Insert it into the blood glucose meter to determine the result (the numbers on the scoreboard indicate the amount of sugar, that is, glucose compounds in the blood).
  6. Record the result in the "Diary of the control of the dynamics of the disease and treatment." Do not neglect them: the testimony of the meter will help manage the disease.

Measurements are made in the morning, immediately after waking up. You should not eat breakfast, brush your teeth and exercise, because any physical exercise reduces blood sugar.

It should be borne in mind that the reference values ​​of blood glucose meters differ depending on the country of origin of the blood glucose meter. In this case, attached to it are tables that help translate the values ​​obtained into values ​​adopted in Russia.

The emergence of blood glucose meters is an important moment for diabetics: without reliable knowledge of blood sugar levels, insulin administration is prohibited. With a low glucose level, they can be deadly.

Diabetes entails damage to small vessels - capillaries - in various organs. As a result, their blood supply is disturbed, and therefore, nutrition. This causes serious complications:

  • eye disorders: retinal hemorrhages, blepharitis, cataracts, glaucoma and blindness,
  • renal disorders: chronic renal failure and uremia,
  • disorders of the lower limbs: gangrene of the toes and feet, as well as gangrene,
  • plaque formation in large vessels (aorta, coronary arteries and arteries of the brain),
  • polyneuropathy is a dysfunction of peripheral nerves. Patients feel numbness, crawling, chills, pain in the legs, especially at rest, so they decrease when walking. Sometimes disorders associated with urination develop, and men are worried about potency problems.

Why low blood sugar occurs

The causes of low blood sugar in women are different, they can be:

  1. Improper diet with large intervals between meals.
  2. Exercise with a small amount of calories.
  3. Use sweet, flour.
  4. Smoking, drinking alcohol.
  5. Tumors of the pancreas.

Thin women are now in vogue, so girls often sit on different diets, are malnourished, and feed improperly. This leads to a violation of blood sugar levels. Also, you can not go in for sports for several hours, not including in your diet high-calorie foods. The body must always be saturated with proteins to cope with the loads.

In any case, the causes and signs of a decrease in blood sugar in women are individual, to clarify, you should consult a specialist.

In people in different age groups, a feeling of low glucose is observed at different values. For example, children do not feel the low sugar level as much as adults. It is possible to note several patterns:

  1. In a child, the glucose concentration from 2.6 to 3.8 mmol / liter may just slightly worsen the general condition, but there will be no signs of hypoglycemia.
  2. The first symptoms of lowering sugar in a child will begin to appear at a level of 2.6-2.2 mmol / liter.
  3. In newborn babies, these numbers are even lower — less than 1.7 mmol / liter.
  4. Premature babies have less than 1.1 mmol / liter.

In a child, the first signs of hypoglycemia are sometimes not visible at all.

In adulthood, everything happens differently. With a glucose concentration of even 3.8 mmol / liter, the patient may already feel the first signs that the sugar is lowered.

This is especially felt if the elderly and elderly patients fall in sugar, especially if they have suffered a stroke or a heart attack. This is due to the fact that the human brain at that age is very sensitive to the lack of oxygen and glucose and the risk of vascular accidents increases significantly. Therefore, these patients do not have requirements for carbohydrate metabolism indicators to be ideal.

Categories of patients in whom hypoglycemia is unacceptable:

  • elderly people,
  • patients with diseases of the heart and blood vessels
  • patients with diabetic retinopathy and an increased risk of retinal hemorrhage,
  • people who do not notice a slight drop in blood sugar, as they may develop a sudden coma.

Such people should maintain a glucose level at a slightly higher value than the recommended norms (approximately 6–10 mmol / liter), and also take more frequent measurements in order to promptly notice that sugar is lowered.

The ideal option is a constantly monitoring system that allows you to monitor glucose levels in real time and take measurements.

Symptoms of low blood glucose in women

Low blood sugar, its symptoms in women have been studied by medicine for many years. Today, the characteristic symptoms of low sugar are known:

  1. excessive sweating
  2. pallor of the skin,
  3. shake
  4. muscle hypertonus,
  5. anxiety and aggression,
  6. tachycardia,
  7. high blood pressure.
  8. mydriasis

In women, low blood sugar shows parasympathetic symptoms:

  • general weakness of the body
  • nausea with vomiting
  • vague hunger.

  1. dizziness and pain of moderate severity
  2. fainting
  3. impaired consciousness and amnesia,
  4. systemic and focal neurological symptoms,
  5. in some cases, the decline in adequacy.

Due to a decrease in blood sugar, in some cases, diplopia and paresthesia are observed.

In some cases, the symptoms are mild, people do not feel very tired and explain their condition by the intense rhythm of life. In these cases, drowsiness on rest days can be a signal of pathology.

Such signs of a decrease in blood sugar in women are observed most often. Symptoms can be individualized. If there are all signs, and they are repeated daily, it is worth noting to visit a doctor.

Older people and women of any age react to a decrease in blood glucose levels more sensitively. Hypoglycemia for older patients is more dangerous, since the state of the cardiovascular system and brain is much worse than in young people. Elderly people often notice the symptoms of this condition at the wrong time, thinking that these are just manifestations of existing chronic pathologies. Because of this, the risk of complications increases (heart attack, stroke, thrombosis), because assistance will be provided much later than required.

Hypoglycemia for women of young and middle age is less dangerous, but also insidious. Mood swings, hunger and drowsiness can be caused by hormonal changes, depending on the day of the menstrual cycle. Therefore, often the decrease in sugar of the fair sex is diagnosed at the wrong time. The following signs may be added to the classic signs of low blood sugar in women:

  • hot flashes and hot sensations,
  • paleness of the skin, alternating with redness,
  • increased blood loss during menstruation, if the episode of hypoglycemia coincided with this period of the cycle.

We suggest to get acquainted: Pruritus with elevated sugar

If you have any doubts about the level of sugar in the blood, regardless of age, sex, and type of diabetes, the patient must use a glucometer and, if necessary, eat food with fast carbohydrates. If the condition does not normalize and sugar does not increase, an ambulance should be called and hospitalized.

The fall in blood glucose, its deficiency, is an acute complication of diabetes. The question arises: does a low blood sugar always carry a risk and what’s worse - a constant high sugar index or a periodic state of hypoglycemia?

The signs and contents of low sugar levels can manifest themselves in varying degrees, from minor to severe, in both adults and children. The extreme degree is hypoglycemic coma, to which low sugar leads.

Recently, the criteria for compensation of diabetes mellitus strongly tightened, so now very often there is the likelihood of hypoglycemia. If these states are noticed in time and correctly stopped, then nothing dangerous will happen to them.

Mild low blood sugar, hypoglycemia, repeated several times a week, has no effect on the development and general well-being of children. In the 2000s, many children with diabetes were examined and it was found that periodic light episodes of a decrease in glucose concentration do not affect school performance and the intelligence of these children is no different from the intelligence of their peers who do not have diabetes.

The low blood sugar level appears as a price to pay for the need to maintain the glucose concentration close to normal, to prevent the development of more dangerous complications of the disease and causes not only diabetes.

Each person has an individual threshold of sensitivity to low glucose, and when it falls, the threshold depends on:

  • age
  • the duration of the disease and the degree of its correction,
  • sugar drop rate.

With low blood sugar, well-being can be different, depending on the level to which the reduction has occurred. The appearance of symptoms depends on the rate of decline of sugar. Symptoms of hypoglycemia may occur if the drop in glucose occurred abruptly, but its level remained normal.

Easy drop

The glucose level drops to 3.8 mmol / l and below. In this case, the symptoms may be absent or be as follows:

  • weakness, trembling all over, chills,
  • excessive sweating, cold, sticky sweat, usually sweats the head, especially the neck behind,
  • dizziness,
  • hunger,
  • nausea,
  • nervousness, anxiety, anxiety,
  • heartbeat (tachycardia),
  • tingling or numbness of the lips and fingers,
  • blurred vision.

To feel normal and symptoms disappeared, it is enough to eat something sweet.

Average reduction

The glucose level drops below 3 mmol / l. If there is a decrease in moderately severe blood sugar, the following symptoms appear:

  • irritability, anger,
  • confusion, inability to concentrate,
  • disorientation in space
  • muscle cramps
  • slow and unintelligible speech,
  • instability, wobbly gait, impaired coordination of movements,
  • drowsiness,
  • fatigue and weakness
  • cry.

Severe hypoglycemia

If the glucose level drops to 1.9 mmol / l, the consequences may be as follows:

  • convulsions
  • coma,
  • stroke,
  • low body temperature
  • death.

A prolonged and significant reduction in sugar can lead to irreversible changes in the brain and cardiovascular diseases. Symptoms of hypoglycemia may be absent if a person takes certain medications, which include beta-blockers.

Low blood sugar can happen in a dream. As a rule, in the morning a person wakes up with a headache. Symptoms of hypoglycemia nocturnal are as follows:

  • heavy sweating
  • falling out of bed
  • walking in a dream
  • restless behavior
  • nightmares
  • unusual noises made by man.

All of the above symptoms in different people may appear with different levels of glucose in the blood. Such manifestations are possible with normal sugar, if there was a sharp drop. With persistent hypoglycemia in people with diabetes mellitus type I and II, symptoms may appear with 6–8 mmol / liter. The longer the course of diabetes, the less the body's ability to feel hypoglycemia at the initial stage.

Children are less sensitive to lower blood sugar. When falling to 3.6-2.2 mmol / liter, any manifestations in a child may be absent, and appear only with a decrease to 2.6-2.2 mmol / liter. Adults begin to feel changes in health, usually with 3.8 mmol / liter.

How to determine that you have low blood sugar?

Note the following signs:

  • constant feeling of tiredness
  • you don't get enough sleep regularly during a normal sleep time,
  • you feel as if you didn’t sleep all night, but unloaded the cars at the station,
  • often start having nightmares
  • in the morning there is a headache,
  • you often watch your palms sweat, even during the cold season,
  • the body more often requires urination,
  • instead of cheerfulness in the morning, you feel lethargy,
  • you feel the need to drink, thirsty,
  • periodic dizziness begins,
  • there is a feeling of anxiety, fear, irritability,
  • slight trembling of the body
  • blurred vision.

What could be the consequences? If the state of lowered sugar in the blood is not corrected, then convulsions appear, the mood sharply worsens, a person’s speech becomes slurred, confused. Stroke can develop, come coma or death.

Knowledge and early detection of symptoms of low blood sugar will help to avoid these unpleasant and undesirable consequences. If the symptoms torture you quite often, we recommend that you consult a general practitioner. He will prescribe the necessary tests for you and select a medical treatment.

The diagnosis of "hypoglycemia" is made if the analysis has shown low blood sugar levels, and there are symptoms that disappear after ingestion of a sweet food or drink.

In addition, the doctor conducts a physical examination, asks about the state of health, lifestyle, taking medications, changes in body weight.

Diagnosis and treatment in both adults and children occur according to a single scheme. To clarify the severity of the situation, it is necessary to undergo a series of studies. The main analyzes are:

  • blood test for sugar,
  • glucose tolerance test.

All about the rate of blood sugar in a child, you can learn from the article on our website.

With existing problems, in particular in diabetes, sugar control is included in the daily program of procedures. For convenience, use glucometers and special test strips.

A gradual and slight decrease in sugar does not pose a particular threat and can be eliminated by eating. This happens with severe fatigue and exhaustion of the body's energy reserves. But what if the level drops below 3 mmol / l and continues to fall? Diabetics in this case have a supply of sweets: a piece of sugar, chocolate, candy, sweet water. Also in the pharmacy you can buy glucose tablets.

With a severe degree of pathology and the risk of falling into a coma to quickly increase blood sugar levels will help infusion therapy. A dropper with a glucose solution is used or an intravenous injection is performed. Be sure to require hospitalization of the patient.

Degree and severity

Mild hypoglycemia (1st degree)

Hunger, pallor, tremor, sweating, weakness, nightmares, irritability10-20 g of carbohydrates through the mouth in the form of tablets of glucose, juice or sweet drink

Medium hypoglycemia (2nd degree)

Headache, abdominal pain, behavioral changes (capricious behavior or aggressiveness), lethargy, pallor, sweating, speech and vision disorders10-20 g of glucose through the mouth followed by a snack containing bread

Severe hypoglycemia (3rd degree)

Drowsiness, disorientation, loss of consciousness, convulsionsOutside the hospital: injection of glucagon (IM). Children Drop in blood sugar: symptoms of falling Link to main article

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How do I know if my child’s glucose is elevated?

Checking blood sugar in children is now very easy. Any pediatrician every six months or a year, depending on the state of health, should send their young patients for a blood test. Never refuse such a procedure! Especially if your baby is at risk. If one of his parents and close relatives suffers from diabetes, then there is a high probability that this disease can be inherited. Also such a test is useful for children who are prone to being overweight or have a lot of sweets.

So, you got a referral for analysis. But in order to get the most accurate result, you need to donate blood. There are some rules for this:

  • Schoolchild and preschooler should not take any food for at least 10 hours before the procedure. Of course, if the baby feels a great hunger, you can give him foods that contain the minimum amount of sugar. In no case do not give him a sweet or flour. It is advisable not to feed babies up to a year with milk for 3-4 hours before the procedure.
  • You can only drink some water. Fruit drinks, fruit drinks and juices are not allowed.
  • It is recommended even for the purity of the analysis not to brush the teeth, since most pastes, especially for children, contain sugar, which can be absorbed through the mucous membrane.
  • Make sure that your child does not overdo it with outdoor games. Let the procedure try to sit quietly, not jump and run. Physical activity will lead to a distorted test result.
  • Do not donate blood if the baby is sick. Due to a disease that lowers the immune system, the sugar level during this period may differ from the level after recovery. So choose a better date for this procedure.

Do not hesitate to ask not to prick the very finger pad of the baby, but a little to the side - then it will not be so painful, but there will be much more blood. Do not worry if the little children take blood not from the toe, but from the earlobe, the heels. This is completely normal. Some doctors strongly recommend donating blood not from a finger, but straight from a vein. Do not abandon these recommendations - such an analysis can give more accurate results.

If you want to monitor your baby’s blood glucose level more closely - use a blood glucose meter. Learning to use it is very easy, and such a device is quite inexpensive. The advantage of this small apparatus is that you can perform a blood test more often and faster, at home and independently, and not in a hospital. Once or twice a month will be enough. It is worth noting that the pain from a puncture of a lancet (a small surgical knife), which comes bundled with a glucometer, is much less than from a needle puncture in a hospital. And for children it plays a huge role.

What should be the level of sugar in children at different ages?

A child's body is definitely different from an adult. Therefore, the indicator of blood sugar in children will be completely different. Children are in constant development and growth, their blood sugar levels are not very stable, so it is important to be examined as often as possible and try to even record the results.

But most importantly, glucose at different ages will have a different rate. The rate of sugar is determined precisely by age, not weight or height. That is why you need to know what the rate of sugar should be at different ages. There is a special table that makes it easy to know how much glucose should be in the body of a healthy child and whether your child is prone to diabetes.

The rate of blood sugar in a child under two years

It is very important to monitor the health of your toddler since his birth. Many parents are frightened when their children have a much lower glucose level than their own. But this does not mean that your child has low sugar! Very small children should have much less glucose in the body than all older children and even more so in adults. Do not worry if the analysis will show a small result. This is absolutely normal.

  • The rate of blood sugar in a newborn baby and one year old baby ranges from 2.7 to 4.39 mmol / liter.
  • In a two-year-old child, the result is considered to be the norm from 3.25 to 4.99 mmol / l.

Norm of sugar in children from two to six years

In preschool children, normal blood sugar levels are significantly higher than in newborns. But it is necessary to follow this even more attentively - in the period of active growth the level of sugar in the blood can be very unstable. What amount will be considered the norm?

  • 2 years - the norm ranges from 3.25 to 5 mmol / l
  • 3-4 years - from 3.27 to 5.45 mmol / liter
  • 5-6 years - indicators from 3.29 to 5.48 mmol / liter are considered as the norm

Norm of sugar in children after six years

A child at school age, namely in children 6–14 years old, the amount of glucose is not much different from its amount in children of preschool age. But the body begins to grow even more actively, which means it is also very important to monitor the health of the growing body during this period.

  • 6-7 years - the norm is from 3.29 to 5.48 mmol / liter
  • 8-9-10 years - from 3.29 to 5.49 mmol / l
  • 11–12 years old and older - rates from 3.3 to 5.5 mmol / l are the norm.

After 14 years, the body completes an active restructuring of the body, the level of glucose is finally established. And he now has the same performance as an adult. This is from 3.6 to 6 mmol per liter.

Causes and types of hypoglycemia in children

Depending on age, the rate of sugar can vary. So, in the first year of life, acceptable values ​​are from 2.8 to 4.4 mmol / l. After five years, glucose is considered normal if it ranges from 3.3 to 5.0 mmol / l.

Often, careful glycemia control is carried out with diabetes. Such patients are forced to take antidiabetic agents and sulfonylurea drugs. In this case, the following causes of low sugar in a child appear:

  1. drug overdose
  2. excessive exercise in the absence of adequate nutrition,
  3. drugs are taken in the correct dosage, but the patient does not eat food in sufficient quantities.

Low blood sugar in a child is observed in the pathologies of NA (injuries, congenital diseases), obesity, metabolic disorders and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including gastroduodenitis, pancreatitis, gastritis and gastroenteritis. In addition, hypoglycemia occurs due to dehydration, fasting, or persistent malnutrition. Also, the reasons for the appearance of such a state are in the presence of a tumor in the pancreas, chemical poisoning, sarcoidosis and serious chronic diseases.

It happens that the influence of external factors on hormones, which are responsible for regulating the concentration of glucose in the blood, leads to fluctuations in glycemia. For example, insulin lowers glucose, and adrenaline, glucagon, hormones of the hypothalamus, pituitary and pancreas - increase sugar levels, especially during stress or activation of metabolic processes.

Frequent causes of hypoglycemia in newborns are premature labor and hypothermia. Still low sugar is noted if during childbirth the child had asphyxia and respiratory disorders.

Also, the likelihood of hypoglycemia increases if the mother is sick with an insulin-independent form of diabetes and takes sugar-reducing pills. In this case, it is necessary to carry out urgent treatment, which consists in maintaining a solution of glucose, hydrocortisone and glucagon.

The forms of the disease determine its causes. Therefore, hypoglycemia can be:

  • congenital - appears if the body does not perceive fructose and galactose,
  • hormonal - occurs when there is an excess of insulin, insufficient activity of the pituitary and adrenal hormones,
  • leucine - develops on the background of hypersensitivity to leucine.

Also, the glucose concentration decreases for unknown or complex reasons. These include hypoglycemia, which has appeared in children with low weight, ketone, idiopathic form and low sugar content during malnutrition.

Causes of low blood sugar

Most patients with diabetes are worried about the level of sugar in the blood. Children taking antidiabetic drugs and sulfonylurea containing drugs are at risk for hypoglycemia if:

  • receive too much medication in a single dose,
  • receive the proper dose and do not consume the recommended amount of food,
  • perform large physical activity without replenishing energy reserves with sufficient amount of food.

Blood glucose levels may decrease in children in such situations:

  • prolonged fasting, lack of fluid in the body,
  • following strict diets
  • pathologies of the nervous system (congenital abnormalities, traumatic brain injuries),
  • severe chronic disease
  • metabolic disorders, obesity,
  • insulinomas (pancreatic tumors),
  • poisoning with heavy substances (arsenic, chloroform),
  • sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disease, mainly in adults, rarely occurring in children,
  • pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, pancreatitis, gastroenteritis, gastroduodenitis).

Forms of hypoglycemia

Depending on the reasons, there are several forms of the disease:

  1. Hypoglycemia due to congenital intolerance to galactose or fructose.
  2. Hypoglycemia due to hormonal disorders. This type of illness develops with an excess of insulin, leucine hypersensitivity (leucine form), poor activity of adrenal hormones or pituitary gland.
  3. Low blood sugar complex or unknown etiology. These include:
  • idiopathic form
  • ketone form,
  • hypoglycemia in malnutrition,
  • hypoglycemia in underweight babies.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia

Low sugar content in the body can be completely different etiologies. Some hypoglycemia manifests itself in the morning after sleep: the child complains of weakness and irritability, and his muscles are in weak tone.

In such a situation, it is enough for a child to get a full-fledged breakfast so that the metabolic processes in the body normalize and the condition improves. It also happens that the baby is very overworked and forgot to eat, because of which the blood sugar dropped sharply. And some babies may have a reciprocal hypoglycemia, giving the first signs of, perhaps, emerging diabetes mellitus - the more time passes after a meal, the worse the condition of the body.

In any form of the disease, the brain is unable to receive energy, and the body is trying to communicate this with all sorts of signs that are very important to notice in time. Characteristic signs of low glucose in a child:

  • fatigue weakness
  • headache,
  • irritability,
  • dizziness,
  • numbness of the limbs, heaviness in the arms and legs,
  • nausea with hunger
  • excessive sweating
  • chills, intermittent flushing of heat,
  • tremor of hands,
  • the appearance of veil, darkening of the eyes and other visual impairment,
  • anxiety or apathy.

All these symptoms speak about sugar content below 3 mmol / l (it is recommended to measure this indicator and make sure that you have a meter in your suspicions). In this case, it is necessary to give the child fast-digesting carbohydrates (candy, chocolate, juice, sweet tea). If this was not done in time, more serious reactions may appear:

  • uneven gait and confused speech (as in alcohol overdose),
  • carelessness
  • muscle contractions,
  • loss of consciousness,
  • hypoglycemic coma (in severe cases).

What is the risk of glycemia for a child?

When glucose levels fall below normal, the brain is disturbed. And this means that even an adult child may lose the ability to think adequately and normal coordination of movements. Perhaps the baby will not pay attention to feeling unwell (which means that the level of sugar in the blood is already low) and will not eat in time. But if there is diabetes mellitus in the history, then he may lose consciousness, fall into a coma, and this can be fraught with serious brain damage and even death.

That is why it is so important to explain to your child: why you should eat snacks regularly. Warn teachers at school about existing disease. And parents themselves monitor the condition of the child. After all, it is easier to prevent an acute situation than to cure afterwards serious consequences.

First aid and treatment

Knowing the danger of low glucose in the body, you must be able to provide first aid. This may be necessary not only for yours, but also for someone else's child. So, if a person is conscious, you should give him some sweetness as soon as possible (juice, biscuits, candy or just sugar dissolved in water), then send him to the children's endocrinologist. In the case when the child has lost consciousness, immediately call an ambulance. Doctors will give an intravenous injection of glucose solution and normalize the condition.

After the child's sugar has returned to normal, you should feed it with a wholesome healthy food (potatoes, rice or pasta with meat, salad), this will prevent another attack. In some forms of the disease, the doctor prescribes medications, the dose of which is determined according to age. Sometimes treatment is required in the hospital, taking antibiotics (if this is required by the underlying disease).

In addition to the main treatment for low blood sugar in a child, it is important to follow a special diet. The diet must include complex carbohydrates - cereals, legumes, bran and whole-grain bread, fresh vegetables, herbs, fruits and berries. Limit the flow of animal fats, flour and starchy foods into the children's body, try to give meat, eggs and milk in small quantities. Meals should be 5 - 6 times a day, in small portions.

Hypoglycemia in diabetic children

To avoid a sharp drop in glucose in the body of your child, try to measure his sugar level with a special device more often. Older children should be trained in this procedure and regularly conduct it independently. Always put the daze with some candy, dried fruit, or juice. Fast-absorbing carbohydrates are able to raise sugar levels for 15 minutes.

Carefully examine the signs of hypoglycemia and observe the child to help with the first symptoms. Specifically, in each case, the symptoms may be different: today the baby feels hunger and weakness, and the next time there will be a tremor of the limbs and sweating. Tell teachers and educators about the disease, train them in emergency care.

Symptoms of low blood sugar can accompany serious diseases, so it is very important, without delay, to contact a pediatrician. The diagnosis of hypoglycemia is made according to the results of laboratory blood tests for sugar. For older children, the same signs of hypoglycemia are characteristic of adults.

Reduced glucose in children is dangerous not only possible attacks, but also damage to the central nervous system, the development of epilepsy, mental retardation. Why do all these unpleasant consequences appear? The fact is that the nerve cells of children are still very young and sensitive to the fall of glucose.

In order to avoid an attack of hypoglycemia in healthy children, watch out for their nutrition (it should be complete), put sweets in the school bag. When the child goes for a long walk, give him money so that you can buy food at the store.

Symptoms of low sugar in a child

Hypoglycemia is determined by the severity and symptoms of the disease.

  1. Easy degree (I). Symptoms of manifestation:
    • increased body temperature
    • pallor of the skin,
    • shiver,
    • increased appetite, a sudden feeling of hunger,
    • nervousness,
    • excessive sweating
    • tearfulness
    • restless sleep.
  2. Medium degree (II). Manifested by such symptoms:
    • headaches and dizziness,
    • abdominal pain,
    • nausea and vomiting,
    • aggressive state of a child
    • weakness in the whole body
    • accelerated heartbeat
    • heavy sweating
    • instability when walking,
    • pale skin,
    • visual impairment and speech.
  3. Heavy degree. (Iii) The previous symptoms are aggravated, and new ones are added to them:
    • convulsions
    • coma,
    • fainting.

Symptoms in newborns:

  • moodiness,
  • breast failure
  • weak sucking reflex when feeding,
  • drowsiness,
  • trembling in the body
  • heart rate instability
  • convulsions
  • disrupting urination
  • short stop breathing
  • increased mobility of the eyeballs.

What is dangerous glucose deficiency?

With low glucose in the blood is a violation of the brain. Its deficiency over a long period provokes its edema and damages the central nervous system, and the consequences may be irreversible. A child with hypoglycemia is impaired ability to think normally, there are problems with coordination of movements.

Insufficient glucose can cause hemorrhage in the eye, affecting the cardiovascular system.

The most serious complication of the disease is hypoglycemic coma - this condition can develop in a few minutes and cause severe disturbances in the brain and central nervous system. If timely medical care is not provided, there is a violation in breathing, which is fraught with cardiac arrest and death.

How to normalize glycemia?

Apply to fast correction of glucose:

  • sugar sweets
  • sweet tea, compote,
  • 40% glucose solution,
  • dextrose solution
  • hormones: "Dexamethasone", "Adrenaline", "Glucagon" - used both intravenously and orally.

The best way to prevent disease is a balanced and rational diet:

  1. Consumption of complex carbohydrates: vegetables, whole-grain bread, pasta from durum wheat, various cereals (except for semolina).
  2. Fiber must be present in the diet. It will slow down the absorption of sugar. Contained in corn, baked potato and peas.
  3. Moderate use of fruit.
  4. The following protein-containing foods are acceptable: white meat, fish, beans, nuts, and low-fat dairy products.
  5. Chromium in sprouted wheat, broccoli and nuts contributes to a slow decrease in sugar. You can give vitamins that contain chromium.
  6. It is necessary to exclude from the child’s food: muffins, smoked products, spices, fatty broths and carbonated drinks. Limit the use of honey, candy, juice and cookies.
  7. It is necessary to eat 5-6 times a day, in small portions.
  8. The child should always carry with him a couple of candies, juice or fruit, so that at the slightest indisposition, he can normalize his condition.

Video from a nutrition expert with diabetes:

It is necessary to establish a mode of rest and sleep so that there is no overwork. Before playing sports it is recommended to eat some easily digestible carbohydrates.

If you strictly follow the principles of diet therapy, you can get good results in the treatment of hypoglycemia.

To control the level of sugar, it is recommended to pass such tests:

  • general blood analysis,
  • carbohydrate tolerance test
  • for sugar (at least once a month).

In order for infants not to have a decrease in the amount of sugar, it is very important to feed them from the very first days with mother's milk. The baby needs to provide rest and avoid stressful situations. For this, the mother should always be with him.

You can not dramatically reduce the sugar in patients with uncompensated for a long time diabetes. As sugar constantly rises, with its rapid decline (even up to 6 mmol / liter), symptoms of hypoglycemia appear.

When hypoglycemia can be applied infusions and decoctions of:

When treating lemons are very good.

To prepare a medicine, it is necessary to grind such products in a meat grinder or combine:

  • skinned lemons - 1 kilogram,
  • 1 large bunch of fresh parsley,
  • 4 heads of peeled garlic.

Mix well, put in a glass jar and refrigerate for 5 days. Upon expiration, remove the contents from the jar and squeeze the liquid through gauze. Juice, which turned out to be taken before meals 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 1 month.

However, you must consider the tendency of children to allergies. Before carrying out herbal treatment, you need, in addition to consulting a doctor, to make sure that the children's body will bear them well.

Low blood sugar in a child can be very dangerous. It is important to prevent the transition of mild and moderate forms of hypoglycemia into severe - you should immediately begin treatment.

Watch the video: Treating Low Blood Sugar. Hypoglycemia. Nucleus Health (February 2020).